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What Are the Different Types of Retirement Plans?

Regarding retirement plans, it is essential to understand the differences between SEP plans and individual retirement accounts. The SEP plan is also known as a simplified employee pension. This type of plan is not employer-sponsored, but the employee still manages it. An individual retirement account is one that a person can set up and manage themselves. These plans are not employer-sponsored but are still an excellent option for retirement savings.

SIMPLE IRA

To qualify for a SIMPLE IRA retirement plan, you must work for an employer offering such a plan. The contributions are tax-deductible and do not count towards your taxable income. Employers also contribute to SIMPLE IRA plans and match employee contributions. The employee contribution must be at least 3%, and the employer can make up to 1% of the salary each year for two out of five years.

You must offer the SIMPLE IRA retirement plan to employees who receive at least $5,000 in compensation annually. If you are an employee of a company that meets these qualifications, you may be eligible for an employer match of up to 3% of your salary. If you are an employee, this employer contribution is not required. However, you can contribute more than your employer matches, as long as you do not exceed the 3% limit.

Rollover IRA

If you have an employer-sponsored retirement account, you may be able to roll it over into a Rollover IRA. A third party manages the account called a Robo-advisor. They use computer algorithms to select investments based on your input, rebalance them, and help you reach your retirement goals. However, be aware that a Rollover IRA is subject to the same withdrawal rules as an ordinary IRA, including income taxes and a 10% IRS penalty for early withdrawal.

A 401(k) plan restricts your investment options to mutual funds, while an IRA gives you a wider variety of options. IRAs are flexible enough that you can invest in almost anything you wish, and you may even be able to combine the assets of your previous and new employer’s retirement plans. You may be surprised at a Rollover IRA’s range of investment options.

Thrift savings plan

The Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) is a retirement savings plan for federal employees. It provides retirement income through savings and tax-deferred benefits, similar to a 401(k) plan in the private sector. TSPs are part of the Federal Employee Retirement System, including Social Security. The TSP can be set up in a variety of ways. However, there are a few differences between a TSP and a 401(k) plan.

TSPs offer limited investment options. Traditional stock and bond funds are available, but the Thrift Savings Plan also has life cycle funds, which change asset allocations as a person’s career changes. There are also five types of funds within the TSP: Government Securities Investment (G), Common Stock Index Investment (C), International Stock Index Investment Fund (I), Fixed Income Index Investment–F), and Small Cap Stock Index Investments (S).

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